What Is SVG? Your Guide to SVG Files

SVG Files

SVG files (Scale-able Vector Graphics), are a special sort of digital image formation that uses mathematical formulae for  creating images. Unlike raster graphics, that are formed by the use of pixelation, the creation of SVG files is based on vector shapes e.g. lines and curves, as well as text defined by numerical equations. It allows us to scale SVG files up or down without losing their visual quality. It makes them an ideal choice for graphic artists and designers who are always in the need to create their desired graphics for using across a variety of mediums. SvgOcean is providing access to downloadable collection of paid and free SVG files.

How do SVG Files Work?

SVG files are created with the use of XML mark-up language. XML allows designers to define the shapes, curves, lines, and metadata texts that collectively forms an SVG image. This means that SVG vector files are essentially code, rather than pixels. Whenever an SVG file presented on screen, the web browser or any graphical app reads the XML code and renders the image based on vector formulae that define it.

Advantages of SVG Files

SVG files offer several advantages as compared to other digital imagefile formats. It includes:

1. Scalability of SVG Files

A significant and advantegeous measure of SVG files is their vast scalability. Unlike raster graphics, which comprises of pixels and can become so blurry or pixelated whenever resized to larger or smaller factor, SVG files doesn’t do that. They are based on equations from maths that define the shapes, lines, curves, and text that make up the expected image. As a result, SVG files can be scaled up / down to any desired size without quality-loss or decreaing clarity.

2. Small File Size

Another significant advantage of SVG files is their small file size. Unlike raster images that are comprised of pixels, SVG files are code-based. It means they’re typically smaller in file size. This small file size allows SVG files to load more quickly and easily, without slowing down your webpage or application.

In addition, the small file size of SVG files comes in front as an excellent option for image designers who want to optimize their website’s or application’s loading speed. Large images can slow down a website or application, negatively impacting the user-experience. By using the SVG files instead of large raster images, designers can ensure that their website or application loads quickly and efficiently, providing a better experience for their users.

3. Editable

Because SVG files are essentially code, they are easy to edit and manipulate. This means that designers can tweak and adjust an SVG file to fit their specific design needs. There are various software tools and graphical apps available which can import SVG files for the purpose of modification. Adobe Illustrator and Corel Draw are one of the most prevalent software tools for manipulation in SVG files.

4. Easily Accessible

People with visual impairments often use screen-readers or other assistive technologies to access digital content. These technologies rely on the ability of scale images with the prevention any decrease in quality. Raster images turns into pixelated or blurred images when resized, which can make them difficult or impossible for people with visual impairments to access.

This accessibility feature of SVG files is especially important for digital artists who want to create inclusive designs that are accessible to all users. By using SVG files in their designs, designers can ensure that their content is accessible to people with visual impairments, without sacrificing quality or design. This not only ensures that everyone can access the content but also helps to promote a more inclusive and welcoming online experience for all users.

SVG Vector Files

Downloading SVG files from SvgOcean

If you’re looking for SVG files for your designing projects, there are many online webstores where you can find freebies SVG files to use for your crafting projects. SvgOcean is one such resource, offering a vast collection of SVG files that can be downloaded for free or purchased. Whether you’re looking for icons, artistic illustrations, backgrounds logos, SvgOcean has you covered.

When downloading SVG files from these resources, it’s important to make sure that they are fully compatible with your designing software, and licensed for commercial-use for using in commercial projects.

How to Use SVG Files in Your Designing Projects

Utilizing SVG files in your design-based projects is relatively straightforward. Many designing software applications, including the famous Illustrator, Sketch, and Inkscape, can import, edit and export your SVG files.

To use an SVG file in your designing projects, simply import it into your software and edit accordingly. As we now know, SVG files are essentially markup code, one can easily adjust the node points of its curves, add other shapes in it and perform the operations of union, subtraction, intersection and changing its colors.  You can also add custom text with your favourite fonts making up the final shape to fit your specific design needs.

Once you’ve finished editing your SVG file, you can export it in numerous file formats, e.g. PNG, JPG, and PDF, depending on your specific needs.

XML View of SVG Image:

It can be said that SVG is a markup language used for describing 2D vector graphical representation of art. Using XML syntax, it describes the graphics, which means that XML elements are used to create SVG images. Here are some of the common XML elements usually used in the creation of SVG images:

  • <svg> element: This is the root element of an SVG document. It defines the height, width, and other properties of the SVG vector image.
  • <rect> element: This element is used to create a rectangular shape in the SVG image. It takes attributes like x, y, width, its height, and fill to specify the position, size, and color of this rectangle.
  • <circle> element: This element is used to create a circle shape in the SVG image. It takes values like cx, cy, and r to specify the center coordinates and radius of the circle.
  • <path> element: This element is used to create complex shapes. It takes a d attribute, specifying the path of the shape using SVG path commands like M, L, C, and Z.
  • <line> element: This element is used to create a straight line in the SVG image. It takes some attributes like x1, y1, x2, y2, and stroke to specify the start and end coordinates and color of the line.
  • <text> element: This element is used to create text in the SVG image. It implies values like x, y, font-family, font-size, and fill to specify the position, font family, size, and color of the text.
  • <g> element: This element is used to group SVG elements together. It is useful for applying transformations and styles to multiple elements at once.


SVG files are a powerful tool for designers, offering scalability, small file sizes, easy editability, and instant accessibility. Whether you’re designing a logo, an icon, or an illustration, SVG files can help you create high quality graphical files that can be used across your desired mediums. And with resources like SvgOcean and others available online, it’s easier than ever to find and import SVG files in your various designing projects.